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FPS



FPS (frames per second) is the number of frames per second, that is, the frame rate on the monitor screen. In other words, this is how often the picture is updated in the game. The higher this value, the smoother the game.

Gamewise, FPS is not the frame rate on the monitor screen. Your monitor screen's framerate will always be 60Hz, 120Hz, 144Hz, etc. The game's FPS is the number of frames your graphics card can process and send to your operating system per second. It is the raw number of frames your system can calculate. If you have a 60Hz screen, like me, your frame rate will always be natively capped at 60Hz, provided you did not cap or overclock it. No matter how many frames your system says the game is running at, from 10Hz to 300Hz, your display will display whatever its frequency is. In the context of this article, a better introduction paragraph would be something along the lines of "FPS is the number of frames your computer can render per second. It is independent of the frequency your monitor operates at."

You can find out the number of frames per second in combat by pressing a key F8, but you shouldn’t especially believe in the built-in FPS title if it shows FPS with an error (in order to find out the real FPS in the game, the program Fraps or Bandicam will help.

Low FPS

In order to solve the problem with the poor performance of the game, follow the instructions below:

  • If you are playing on a laptop, make sure that you have activated the maximum performance mode in the power settings.
  • If you have an integrated and discrete graphics card (the one separate from your integrated processor) on your laptop, then start the game on a discrete video card (how to start the game on a discrete video card).
  • Make sure you have the latest software installed: the drivers for the video card.
  • a) Download the driver from the site of the video card manufacturer.
  • b) If the old version of the video driver was better, try to roll back to the old version of the video driver, removing the new one and downloading/installing the old one.
  • Open the game Settings Settings.png, select the "Graphics" menu and try to lower the quality level to "minimum", and the screen resolution to the lowest, and also try turning off the vertical synchronization. Make sure advanced settings are also turned off. The general settings can be set to a minimum but shadows, texture quality, etc. can still be set to the maximum qualities.
  • Disable all background programs (even audio players, Winamp, AIMP, etc.).
  • If your computer is quite powerful, but still low FPS, and nothing changed after the trick described above, try checking your computer for data mining, use the free Malwarebytes, Dr.Web CureIt or Kaspersky Virus Tool to do this.

* Note: there is an opinion that the value of the number of frames per second depends on the speed of the Internet. This opinion is erroneous since this indicator depends mainly on computer performance. Remember, FPS is the number of frames it can process, independent of any other factors.

  • Thermal throttling control: if you click Control Panel > Hardware and Sound > Power Options > Edit Plan Settings, you will see an option called "Change advanced power settings". Find Processor power management > System cooling policy, and make sure the options for plugged in/on the battery are set to "Active". An active cooling policy means the computer will first speed up the internal fans in order to try to cool down the system, then throttle the chips if speeding up the fans do not work. Passive cooling means the system first throttles your chips (slowing down the clock speed), then turning the fans on if that doesn't work either. It will make a difference.
  • Just plug in your computer. It gives it more vroom-vroom juice.
  • Clear your intake and outtake vents of debris and dust. Dust and debris will prevent your computer from efficiently expelling waste heat, leading to thermal throttling once your computer gets hot. As another precaution, avoid playing on soft, thermally insulative materials like blankets, your lap, or your pet (despite the obvious emotional benefits of playing with/on your pet). By playing on a harder surface (or even propped up), you give more room for the computer to draw in and expel air, along with passive cooling along the bottom of the chassis.
  • Undervolt/overclock your (i)GPU. Undervolting - decreasing the voltage supplied to your processing units. By doing so, this will generate less heat, preventing thermal throttling from kicking in. As an added benefit, you will have longer battery life (fans can spin less/slower and the computer will require less power to run), your computer will run quieter, and your battery will degrade less (heat speeds up the degradation of a Li-ion/Li-polymer battery). In my case, undervolting decreased core temperatures by 20°C. Note: undervolting is not available on Intel's Ivy Bridge architecture or below. Please search up your specific model to check before wasting time on installing the software. Overclock - increasing the clock speed your processor runs at, effectively increasing the number of calculations it can do in a given period of time. By installing software to increase the clock speed, you allow your computer to do more calculations per second, which may be crucial to pumping out more frames. However, since there is increased activity in your cores, it does generate more heat, so usually overclocking is not a smart choice for laptops or small-form-factor desktop PCs. With larger desktops with a sufficient cooling system, overclocking, accompanied by good cooling, will provide pretty good results.

Overclocking and undervolting may cause catastrophic damage to your system if you do not do it properly.

Overclocking:

  • Download MSI Afterburner from their website, and find the "Clock speed" slider. This will give it a positive clock speed offset. Slowly do that in small increments until your games start to crash, then dial back down the boost until you find a stable balance between performance, thermals, and energy usage. However, if your computer starts to show high temperatures, stop immediately. Turn it back down. Usually, a 100MHz boost is good for some systems. Computers can handle more or less depending on cooling, ventilation, ambient temperature, and the card/core itself. This should not be done on laptops or small form-factor desktops where there is not enough cooling to handle overclocks.

Undervolting:

  • When shipped CPUs/GPUs run at a higher voltage than needed, giving the OEM plenty of headroom. Each chip has its own minimum voltage based on a number of factors, and undervolting finds that minimum that the manufacturer did not bother to find. It is simply too tedious to undervolt every chip they sell. Download Intel's XTU (Extreme Tuning Utility) software from their website, then find the "Advanced Tuning" tab. To undervolt, find either the core, cache, or graphics tabs, and locate the slider called "_______ Voltage Offset". On the drop-down menu, start with increments of -0.15, starting with -0.015V, -0.030V, so on. At every increment, run a stress-test for 5 minutes or more. If it crashes, turn up the voltage. Once you find a stable balance, run the stress test for 1 hour or more to ensure everything is stable. When the application is closed or the computer is shut down/restarted, the settings are kept unless the computer crashes.

Undervolting with XTU is for the CPU only, if you want to undervolt the GPU use Afterburner.



  • Repaste and clean out the computer. Repasting: cleaning and reapplying the thermal interface between the processor die and the heat spreader. Your CPU/GPU is not directly attached to your thermally conductive parts of your computer. Instead, it usually relies on something called thermal paste, or as I refer to it, computer magic sauce, to transfer the heat from the processor surface to be spread away and be dissipated. By repasting, you are replacing old or possibly low-quality magic sauce that does not transfer heat efficiently away from your system, creating an unneeded use of fans and thermal throttling. Repasting should only be done if your computer is 5+ years old or if you feel the thermal paste is playing a role in limiting your computer's thermal performance. On top of that, cleaning out the dust should also be pretty good at helping. If your computer has a lot of dust, cleaning out the dust will allow air to efficiently flow through the heat-dissipating fins, allowing the computer to cool itself down and run cooler.
    Note: if done improperly, both of these techniques may physically damage and destroy parts of your computer. Be sure you know what you are doing.
  • If you bought the most expensive graphics card you could find on the market and it is underperforming, there is one likely factor. You are not smart. Cards like the Quadro and Titan are definitely not for gaming. These cards are for workloads like 3D design and machine learning, which are not similar to gaming workloads. Just because they have a $3000 price tag does not mean they are better performing than a $1800 2080ti when playing games. On top of that, check for other system bottlenecks (bad components that limit the performance of other parts that depend on them). Always remember to research your things before blowing money on thousand-dollar machines.